Neurosciences

New Facilities and State-of-the-Art Technology

In 2015 Cayuga Medical Center completed a multi-year expansion and renovation to advance surgical care offered at the medical center. Our skilled neurosurgeons are now utilizing state-of-the–art operating rooms, expanding the excellent surgical care our patients can find close to home.

The Cayuga Epilepsy Center opened in June 2016. The new service provides comprehensive inpatient diagnostic monitoring for the treatment of adults and children over three years old who have epileptic seizures that have proven difficult to diagnose and treat. This unit is the only one of its kind in the Southern Tier.

Our newly renovated Neurodiagnostics Clinic comprises three testing rooms and is located on the medical center’s third floor, offering a view of Cayuga Lake. The clinic provides EEG (electroencephalogram) and EMG (electromyogram), which are the two principal neurological testing modalities used to confirm or to rule out several different diagnoses.

Experienced, Credentialed Professionals

Patients seeking care for neurological illnesses and injuries at Cayuga Medical Center are treated by board-certified experts in the fields of emergency medicine, neurology, neurosurgery, neurologic imaging, pain management, rehabilitation and physical medicine. They work closely with a team of experienced registered nurses, credentialed technologists, and physical, occupational, and speech therapists.

Our Commitment to Customer Service

Nowhere is the commitment to meet the needs of our community more evident than in the Department of Neurosciences. In the past three decades our neurological and neurosurgical capabilities have grown dramatically. These important services are strongly supported by our Department of Imaging Services (one of the most comprehensive in the entire region), the development of a certified stroke center, the excellence of our ED and our EMS community in the recognition and appropriate treatment of neurological illness and acute incidents, and most recently the development of an inpatient epilepsy diagnostic unit.

Designated Stroke Center

Cayuga Medical Center is designated as a Stroke Center by the New York State Department of Health. This designation process is part of a statewide initiative to raise diagnostic and treatment standards and improve access to high quality care for patients with a diagnosis of stroke, which is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States and the leading cause of adult disability. Studies published in the Journal of the American Medical Association have shown that patients treated at hospitals with a Stroke Center have reduced mortality and morbidity, fewer complications, improved long-term outcomes, and increased patient satisfaction.

Stroke, also known as “brain attack,” is a medical emergency requiring swift transportation to the nearest medical center and immediate medical treatment by the stroke team. This is a multidisciplinary group including emergency physicians and nurses, neurologists, radiologists, neurosurgeons, vascular surgeons, and rehabilitation specialists. Team members are available to respond 24/7 in the Emergency Department for the evaluation and treatment of stroke patients.

Code Gray

In the management of acute stroke, the pressing issue is time. A Code Gray calls the stroke response team into action and things happen very quickly. The timely administration of thrombolytic agents to dissolve a possible clot blocking blood flow to the brain, is vital to save brain cells.

  • The EMS responders start the process with their assessment of the patient in the field.
  • As soon as the ambulance calls in, the response begins. CT imaging techs are in the hospital 24-hours a day so they can immediately prepare the CT scanner and call the radiologist for stand-by alert.
  • Other stroke team members go to the Emergency Department where they are ready and waiting at the door to receive the patient.
  • Our neurologists collaborate closely with the stroke neurologists at the University of Rochester Medical Center, who direct the care of patients arriving with symptoms of stroke.

There are two types of stroke: Ischemic (caused by a clot or vessel narrowing that blocks the flow of blood in the brain) and hemorrhagic (caused by bleeding into the brain or an aneurysm that leaks or ruptures). By examining a CT scan of the brain, a radiologist can determine if the patient has had a stroke and which type of stroke it is. If diagnosed in time, ischemic strokes can be treated with thrombolytic (“clot-busting”) medication to dissolve the clot and restore blood flow in the brain.

As soon as the initial CT images are taken, they are transmitted to the radiologist for interpretation. Additional brain imaging studies can be helpful, as well, to determine the extent of the impact the stroke has had on the brain. These images are also available to our colleagues at the University of Rochester Medical Center.

How to recognize a stroke

Signs and symptoms of stroke usually occur suddenly and may include:

  • Numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or leg on one side of the body
  • Confusion, trouble speaking or understanding
  • Trouble seeing from one or both eyes
  • Trouble walking, dizziness, or loss of balance or coordination
  • Severe, unexplained headache, especially of sudden onset

If you have any of these symptoms, call 911 immediately. Do not try to drive yourself to the hospital – your symptoms could get worse while you’re driving.

Risk factors for stroke you can change with your doctor’s help

  • High blood pressure
  • Tobacco use
  • Diabetes
  • Carotid and other artery disease
  • Irregular heart rhythm
  • Illegal drug use
  • Transient ischemic attacks
  • Certain blood disorders
  • High blood cholesterol
  • Physical inactivity and obesity

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