Barium Enema (Lower GI Series)
Imaging (Radiology) Procedures
Barium Swallow, Upper GI Series, and Small
What is the test?
A barium swallow and upper GI series
examine the esophagus (swallowing tube), the stomach, and the first part of the
small intestine. A small bowel series examines the loops of the small intestine
to the point at which it connects with the colon (large intestine).
These tests are typically used to diagnose
ulcers, inflammation, obstructions, and other irregularities.
How do I prepare?
Please plan to arrive at the Imaging
Services Department 15 minutes before your scheduled appointment. You will be
asked not to eat anything after midnight the day before the test. On the
morning of the study, refrain from eating or drinking prior to the test. You
should consult your physician if you are diabetic or if you are scheduled to
take any medications during the 24 hours before your appointment.
What can I expect during the procedure?
A technologist will help you onto an
adjustable table so that X-rays can be taken from several angles. You will then
be given a flavored barium solution to drink. If necessary, you may also be
asked to drink a carbonated beverage or medication that produces gas. You will be
asked to roll around on the table to coat the gastrointestinal tract with the
barium solution to optimize images. This improves the clarity of the X-ray. You
may feel bloated during the procedure.
A barium swallow and upper GI series may
take as long as one hour to complete. A small bowel series takes from one to
four hours to complete.
After the test?
Drink plenty of fluids. Unless otherwise
notified, you may return to your regular diet and resume normal activities.
Occasionally, a laxative or enema may be necessary to prevent constipation; consult
your physician. Your bowel movements may look chalky for a day or two after the
How and when will I get my test results?
Typically, within 48 hours
a written report of your test results will be sent to your referring physician,
who will review them with you. Additional time (3 to 5 days) may be required if
we are comparing these test results to previous findings from another hospital.
Where are these tests performed?
Barium Swallows, Upper GI
Series, and Small Bowel Series are performed in the Imaging Services Department
at Cayuga Medical Center, 101 Dates Drive off NYS Route 96 in Ithaca.
About our Imaging Services
Cayuga Medical Center has a commitment to
and reputation for staying abreast of changing technology and our imaging equipment
is state-of-the-art. Our range of services is comprehensive and we offer all
imaging modalities found in major medical centers. Radiologists are on site at
all three of our locations, which also distinguishes the level of service we
Imaging Services is staffed by six-board
certified radiologists, many of whom are subspecialists in areas such as
neuroradiology, abdominal CT, and interventional procedures. Assisting them are
experienced radiologic technologists, many of whom have completed advanced
training and are certified in specialty modalities.